SteadyOptions is an options trading forum where you can find solutions from top options traders. TRY IT FREE!

We’ve all been there… researching options strategies and unable to find the answers we’re looking for. SteadyOptions has your solution.

Using ORATS Wheel To Test Entries and Exits

My favorite option strategy backtester is ORATS Wheel, which includes a free trial for those interested. In the Steady Momentum PutWrite Strategy (SMPW), we sell out of the money puts on global equity indexes and ETF’s while holding our collateral in short and intermediate term fixed income ETF’s.

There are many potential ways to manage a short put trade, so in this article I’ll share some backtested research to look at the differences between a few methodologies.


In SMPW, we benchmark our performance against an ETF that attempts to replicate a popular index, CBOE S&P 500 PutWrite Index (PUT). PUT uses a simple approach of selling front month S&P 500 puts and holding them until expiration. 33 years of historical data is available on CBOE’s website to see the results of this straightforward approach. I like to think of PUT as a broad measure of the “beta” of put writing, similar to an index like the Russell 2000 for US Small Cap stocks.


We’ll test this methodology on 7 different underlying assets from 2007-2019 (the data period available in ORATS Wheel). We’ll also test entering at 45 days until expiration (DTE) with an exit at 21 DTE. Lastly, we’ll test a 30 DTE entry with exits occurring when 75% of the credit received has been earned or 5 DTE, whichever occurs first. We’ll look at both excess annualized returns, net of estimated transaction costs, as well as risk adjusted returns with the Sharpe Ratio. Sharpe Ratio is a popular risk adjusted return measurement that is calculated as annualized excess return divided by annualized volatility.





Interpreting The Data

There are many ways to interpret what this data is telling us. I prefer to increase the sample size when reviewing parameter choices by averaging results across multiple underlying assets. In this case, 7 symbols were tested over a period of 13 years, with entries assumed to occur every 7 days, creating a sample size of more than 4,500 total trades.  A large sample size helps minimize the impact of any outlier trades that may have occurred during the sample period that might otherwise skew results in a way that could lead to false conclusions.


Overall, it doesn’t look like there was a significant difference in results based on the trade parameters over this time period. This is good, as we prefer to see broad parameter stability. The 45 DTE to 21 DTE method produced average results that were slightly worse than the other 2 methods, which is interesting considering this approach is recommended by a popular options trading educator and brokerage firm.


In SMPW, we enter our short puts around 30 DTE and look to exit when we’ve made 75% or more of the credit received or about 5 DTE, whichever occurs first. With lower priced ETF’s that represent International equities we typically wait to exit winning trades until they are worth a nickel or less, as certain brokers allow you to exit these positions commission free. The logic, which is generally supported by the data in the chart, is that rolling winning trades ahead of expiration when we’ve made most of the potential profit maymodestly increase returns over the long term since we expect the equity premium to persist. Exiting losing trades a few days before expiration slightly reduces the risk of large losses due to the negative gamma of a short option that increases as expiration approaches.  


Conclusion: The Power of Diversification

My final point is meant to highlight the power of diversification.  Looking specifically at the 30 DTE to 5 DTE results, we see an average Sharpe Ratio of 0.59.  I had the ORATS Wheel combine together all 7 symbols into an equal weighted portfolio, and the result was a Sharpe Ratio of 0.76...a 29% relative increase.  Diversification is a generally accepted way to either A. increase returns for the same risk or B. maintain the same return with lower risk. Diversification can be achieved in many ways, and it’s one of the most compelling opportunities for “craftsmanship alpha” in the portfolio construction process that is used in our SMPW strategy.


Jesse Blom is a licensed investment advisor and Vice President of Lorintine Capital, LP. He provides investment advice to clients all over the United States and around the world. Jesse has been in financial services since 2008 and is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ professional. Working with a CFP® professional represents the highest standard of financial planning advice. Jesse has a Bachelor of Science in Finance from Oral Roberts University. Jesse manages the Steady Momentum service, and regularly incorporates options into client portfolios.

Related articles:

What Is SteadyOptions?

Full Trading Plan

Complete Portfolio Approach

Diversified Options Strategies

Exclusive Community Forum

Steady And Consistent Gains

High Quality Education

Risk Management, Portfolio Size

Performance based on real fills

Try It Free

Non-directional Options Strategies

10-15 trade Ideas Per Month

Targets 5-7% Monthly Net Return

Visit our Education Center

Recent Articles


  • Is This Rally for Real?

    After being down over 35% from the all time high, S&P 500 has rallied over 20% from the recent lows in just two weeks. Is this rally for real? Or is it just a bear market rally, a "dead cat bounce"? What the "experts" are saying? Has the market bottomed? Will the selling resume?

    By Kim,

  • Financial Planning Lessons From the Pandemic

    The first quarter of this year will end up being one of the most volatile quarters of our investing lives. Many lessons can be learned. Perhaps none are more important than the basic principle of maintaining sufficient cash liquidity in the form of an “emergency fund” during both our working and retirement years.

    By Jesse,

  • Human Nature and Option Risk

    Traders may tend to think of risk in purely mathematical terms. It can be quantified by analysis and by a deep understanding of probability. But there is more to this than just the math, and for options traders, some of the intangible considerations might have more impact on trading decisions than the formulas.

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

  • Anchor Analysis and Options

    Anyone who has been trading the Anchor Strategy over the past few months should be extremely happy with its performance.  Now that many have realized how well it performs in down markets, one of the most common questions is “what should I do now?”

    By cwelsh,

  • Discount Stock Shopping In High Volatility Markets

    The COVID-19 pandemic has rocked markets over the past month. The fear of the virus, the fear of the impact on global economics from the mitigation taken on by governments, and, finally, the fear of "what’s next" has propelled the VIX.

    By Drew Hilleshiem,

  • The Fallacy of Market Timing

    The headlines say it all. "The worst day since the financial crisis". "Markets in turmoil". And today was "Stock markets post best day in years as governments fight coronavirus with cash". Could anyone predict the crash? And can anyone tell us where we are headed next week/month/year? Is it possible to call the tops and the bottoms?

    By Kim,

  • Long Option Risks

    Among all options, the most easily calculated payoffs are those for long options. But there remains a great misunderstanding, even among experienced option traders. This must be clarified before moving forward. The misunderstanding is often seen expressed online and in the literature: “75% of long options expire worthless.”

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

  • Option Payoff Probability

    Many options analyses focus on profit, loss and breakeven. These show what occurs on expiration day, assuming the option remains open to that point. But this is not realistic. Most options are closed or exercised before expiration, is calculation of how probable a payoff is going to be, how likely the loss, or the exact neutral outcome (breakeven), are all unrealistic.

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

  • Value of Trend Following During Periods of Market Volatility

    Our trend following system looks at two things when planning a position. The first piece is obviously the direction of the trend.  Does the system signal up or down?  The second piece of a position plan is how much risk we are going to take. 

    By RapperT,

    • 1 comment
  • Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Value

    A lot is written about intrinsic value, but how does it work and what does it mean? The fact is, intrinsic value is an estimate of how future premium levels will change. It is base don current volatility and a set of assumptions. In dividing premium into its component parts, most descriptions deal with intrinsic and time value.

    By Michael C. Thomsett,


  Report Article

We want to hear from you!

There are no comments to display.

Your content will need to be approved by a moderator

You are commenting as a guest. If you have an account, please sign in.
Add a comment...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


Options Trading Blogs Expertido