SteadyOptions is an options trading forum where you can find solutions from top options traders. TRY IT FREE!

We’ve all been there… researching options strategies and unable to find the answers we’re looking for. SteadyOptions has your solution.

Synthetic Options Explained


One of the interesting features about options is that there is a relationship between calls, puts, and the underlying stock. And because of that relationship, some option positions are synthetic to others. The prices of put and call options have an identity relationship through the concept of put-call parity.

Some option combinations are easier, or less costly to trade than others. Which means less slippage and less commissions.

Here are few examples of synthetic options positions.

 

Synthetic Long Stock

Among the many options strategies, one of the most interesting is synthetic long stock.  This combines a long call and a short put opened at the same strike and expiration. The name “synthetic” is derived from the fact that the two positions change in value dollar for dollar with changes in 100 shares of stock.

Synthetic Long Stock Construction
  • Buy 1 ATM Call
  • Sell 1 ATM Put

This is an unlimited profit, limited risk options trading strategy that is taken when the options trader is bullish on the underlying security but seeks a low cost alternative to purchasing the stock outright.

image.png
 

Synthetic Short Stock

The synthetic long stock is a low-risk, highly leverage strategy. But for synthetic short stock, the risk profile is completely different. For the synthetic long, the combination consists of a long call and a short put, at the same strike, and at the same expiration.Reversing the positions to short call and long put creates a synthetic short stock, and completely changes the risk.

Synthetic Short Stock Construction
  • Buy 1 ATM Put
  • Sell 1 ATM Call

This is a limited profit, unlimited risk options trading strategy that is taken when the options trader is bearish on the underlying security but seeks an alternative to short selling the stock.

image.png
 

Synthetic Long Call

A synthetic call, or synthetic long call, is an options strategy in which an investor, holding a long position in a stock, purchases an at-the-money put option on the same stock to protect against depreciation in the stock's price. It is similar to an insurance policy.

Synthetic Long Call Construction
  • Buy 100 Shares
  • Buy 1 ATM Put

This is an unlimited profit, limited risk options trading strategy. A synthetic call is also known as a married put or protective put. The synthetic call is a bullish strategy used when the investor is concerned about potential near-term uncertainties in the stock. By owning the stock with a protective put option, the investor still receives the benefits of stock ownership, such as receiving dividends and holding the right to vote. In contrast, just owning a call option, while equally as bullish as owning the stock, does not bestow the same benefits of stock ownership. 

image.png
 

Synthetic Long Put

By combining a long call option and a short stock position, the investor simulates a long put position. A synthetic put is also known as a married call or protective call. 

Synthetic Long Put Construction
  • Sell 100 Shares
  • Buy 1 ATM Call

This is a limited profit, limited risk options trading strategy. The synthetic put is a strategy, used when the investor has a bearish bet and is concerned about potential near-term strength in the underlying stock. It is similar to an insurance policy except that the investor wants the price of the underlying stock to fall, not rise. The strategy combines the short sale of a security with a long-call position on the same security.

image.png
 

Other Equivalent Positions

The basic equation that describes an underlying and its options is: Owning one call option and selling one put option (with the same strike price and expiration date) is equivalent to owning 100 shares of stock. Thus, 

S = C – P; where S = stock; C = call; P = put

There are some other options positions that can be considered equivalent. For example, take a look at a covered call position (long stock and short one call), or S-C.


From the equation above, S –C = -P. In other words, if you own stock and sell one call option (covered call writing) then your position is equivalent to being short one put option with the same strike and expiration. That position is naked short the put. Amazingly some brokers don’t allow all clients to sell naked puts, but they allow all to write covered calls. But as we can see, writing a covered call is equivalent to selling a naked put. 

Summary

Synthetic positions can be used to change one position into another when your outlook changes. Options offer enormous flexibility in positioning. Synthetics can offer an alternative plan B, require less capital, eliminate the need to borrow the stock if selling it short etc. It is essential to understand synthetic options in order to fully utilize the flexibility of options. 
 

If you want to learn more how to use our profitable strategies and increase your odds:

Start Your Free Trial

Related articles

 

 

What Is SteadyOptions?

Full Trading Plan

Complete Portfolio Approach

Diversified Options Strategies

Exclusive Community Forum

Steady And Consistent Gains

High Quality Education

Risk Management, Portfolio Size

Performance based on real fills

Try It Free

Non-directional Options Strategies

10-15 trade Ideas Per Month

Targets 5-7% Monthly Net Return

Visit our Education Center

Recent Articles

Articles

  • Options on Options

    Traders have long known that options can be opened on many different securities. Among the most ingenious of these are options on options. There are four types of these: call on a call (CoC), a call on a put (CoP), a put on a call (PoC), and a put on a put (PoP).

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

    • 0 comments
    • 246 views
  • The Wheel Trade

    The “wheel” trade is variously described as a beginner’s strategy, a combination to exploit features of both calls and puts, and as “perfect” solution to the well-known risks of shorting calls, even when covered. The wheel could be defined as any of these, but a larger question should be: Is the wheel an elegant method for making profits consistently, or just a gimmick?

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

    • 0 comments
    • 539 views
  • Chooser Options

    Most options traders see their world as a choice between calls or puts, alone or in various combinations. But there is more. With a chooser option, traders can open a position and decide later whether it will be a call or a put. This is also called an as you like it option.

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

    • 0 comments
    • 466 views
  • Leveraged Anchor 2020 Year In Review

    Steady Options has now been trading the Leveraged Anchor strategy for two years, and, somewhat to my surprise, 2020 went even better than 2019. On the year, Leveraged Anchor was up 31.7%, while the total return of the S&P 500 was 18.4%.

    By cwelsh,

    • 2 comments
    • 1,287 views
  • Ratchet Options

    The “ratchet option” is so-called because as a series, each successive position activates when the previous option has expired. The trader ratchets up (or down) to the next position. Each one is set up to be as close to the money as possible. It has many names, including cliquet, moving strike, ladder, lock-in, or reset option.

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

    • 0 comments
    • 485 views
  • Steady Momentum 2020 Year in Review

    Steady Momentum Put Write (SMPW) is one of the available subscription services at Steady Options. We launched the strategy in early 2019, so we now have two years of performance to evaluate on both an absolute basis and relative to the strategy’s benchmark, PUTW (WisdomTree CBOE S&P 500 PutWrite Strategy Fund). 

    By Jesse,

    • 0 comments
    • 468 views
  • SteadyOptions 2020 Year In Review

    2020 marks our 9th year as a public trading service. It was an excellent year for us. We closed 130 winners out of 194 trades. Our model portfolio produced 117.1% compounded gain on the whole account based on 10% allocation per trade. We had only three losing months in 2020. 

    By Kim,

    • 0 comments
    • 749 views
  • The Jump-Diffusion Pricing Formula

    One of the more complex areas of options analysis involves pricing formulas. The best known among these is the Black Scholes Model (BSM). This is a widely cited method for attempting to determine what the option’s premium should be, but it is deeply flawed.

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

    • 0 comments
    • 514 views
  • Ranges of Exotic Options

    The standard call and put are well known to all option traders, but many exotic and more advanced options can also be opened. Whether a specific broker allows trading in these, and whether a trader has the necessary trading level, are questions to be addressed. This article just defines many of the exotic options that are possible.

    By Michael C. Thomsett,

    • 0 comments
    • 591 views
  • What To Do Before Committing To Trading

    Trading cryptocurrency has become a very popular and significant part of life. While it’s not for everyone, it’s certainly for an awful lot of people. There’s money to be made and areas to be invested in, and people will do what they can to make either a quick buck or an amazing figure.

    By Kim,

    • 0 comments
    • 757 views

  Report Article

We want to hear from you!


There are no comments to display.



Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account. It's easy and free!


Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.


Sign In Now

Options Trading Blogs Expertido